Chon-Ji

ChonJi

Movements: 19

Ready Posture: Parallel Ready Stance (Narani Junbi Sogi)

Chon-Ji literally means “the heaven and the earth”. It is in the orient interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore it is the initial pattern played by the beginning student. Chon-Ji has two similar parts, one to represent the heavens, the other the earth.

Dan-Gun

DanGun

Movements: 21

Ready Posture: Parallel Ready Stance (Narani Junbi Sogi)

Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan Gun, legendary founder of Korea in 2333 BC.

Do-San

Movements: 24

Ready Posture: Parallel Ready Stance (Narani Junbi Sogi)

Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

Won-Hyo

Movements: 28

Ready Posture: Close Ready Stance A (Moa Junbi Sogi A)

Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in 686 AD.

Yul-Gok

Movements: 38

Ready Posture: Parallel Ready Stance (Narani Junbi Sogi)

Yul-Gok is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar Yi-I (1536-1584) nicknamed the Confucius of Korea. The 38 movements refer to his birthplace on 38° latitude and the diagram represents “scholar”.

Joong-Gun

Movements: 32

Ready Posture: Close Ready Stance B (Moa Junbi Sogi B)

Joong-Gun is named after the patriot An Joong-Gun, who assasinated Hiro Bumi-Ito, the first Japanese governor general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. The 32 movements refer to Mr. An’s age when he was executed in Lui-Shung prison in 1910.

Toi-Gye

Movements: 37

Ready Posture: Close Ready Stance B (Moa Junbi Sogi B)

Toi-Gye was the penname of the great philosopher and scholar Yi-Hwang (16th century), an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements refer to his birthplace on 37° latitude and the diagram represents scholar.

Hwa-Rang

Movements: 29

Ready Posture: Closed ready Stance C (Moa Junbi Sogi C)

Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division of the Korean military where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.

Choong-Moo

Movements: 30

Ready Posture: Parallel Ready Stance (Narani Junbi Sogi)

Choong-Moo was the given name to the great Admiral Yi Soon Sin of the Lee Dynasty who invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592 which is said to be the precursor to the modern day submarine. The reason this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death, having no opportunity to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.

Kwang-Gae

Movements: 39

Ready Posture: Parallel Stance Heaven Hand (Narani Sogi Hanulson)

Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Kwang Gae Toh Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 AD, the year he came to the throne.

Po-Eun

Movements: 36

Ready Posture: Parallel Stance Heaven Hand (Narani Sogi Hanulson)

Po-Eun is the pseudonym of the loyal subject Chong Mong Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem “I would not serve a second master though i may be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

Ge-Baek

Movements: 44

Ready Posture: Parallel Ready Stance (Narani Junbi Sogi)

Ge-Baek is named after a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.

Eui-Am

Movements: 45

Ready Posture: Closed ready Stance D (Moa Junbi Sogi D)

Eui-Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, a leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1st 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram represents his Indomitable Spirit displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

Choong-Jang

Movements: 52

Ready Posture: Closed Ready Stance A (Moa Junbi Sogi A)

Choong-Jang is the pseudonym given to General Km Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left hand attack to symbolise the tragedy of his death at the age of 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

Juche

Movements: 45

Ready Posture: Parallel Stance Twin Side Elbow (Narani Sogi Sang Yop Palkup)

Juche is the philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything. In other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram represents Baekdu Mountain.

Sam-Il

Movements: 33

Ready Posture: Closed Ready Stance C (Moa Junbi Sogi C)

Sam-Il denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1st 1919. The 33 movements stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

Yoo-Sin

Movements: 68

Ready Posture: Warrior Ready Stance B (Moosa Junbi Sogi B)

Yoo-Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 688 AD, the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than the left side, symbolising Yoo-Sin’s mistake of following his King’s orders to fight with oreign forces against his own nation.

Choi-Yong

Movements: 46

Ready Posture: Closed Ready Stance C (Moa Junbi Sogi C)

Choi-Yong is named after General Choi Yong, premier and commander in chief of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Lee Dynasty.

Yong-Gae

Movements: 49

Ready Posture: Warrior Ready Stance A (Moosa Junbi Sogi A)

Yon-Gae is named after a famous general during the Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae Somoon. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 AD, the year he forced the Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung.

Ul-Ji

Movements: 42

Ready Posture: Parallel Stance X-Backhand (Narani Sogi Kyocha Son Dung)

Ul-Ji is named after General Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang’s invasion force of nearly on million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 AD, Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represent General Choi’s age when he designed the pattern.

Moon-Moo

Movements: 61

Ready Posture: Parallel Ready Stance (Narani Junbi Sogi)

Moon-Moo honours the 30th King of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King’s Rock). According to his will, his body was placed in the sea “where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese”. It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone Cave) was built to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements in this pattern symbolise the last two figures of 661 AD, the year he came to the throne.

So-San

Movements: 72

Ready Posture: Closed Ready Stance A (Moa Junbi Sogi A)

So-San is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) during the Lee Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organised a corps of monk soldiers with assistance of his pupil Sa Myung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repulse the Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.

Se-Jong

Movements: 24

Ready Posture: Closed Ready Stance B (Moa Junbi Sogi B)

Se-Jong is named after the greatest Korean King, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet (Hangul) in 1443 and was also a noted meteorologist. The diagram represents the king while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.

Tong-Il

Movements: 56

Ready Posture: Parallel Stance Overlapped Backhand (Narani Sogi Pogaen Son Dung)

Tong-Il denotes the resoltion of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolises the homogeneous race.